Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation
Version 1 - 8th October 2015
Review date – 7th October 2016
Appendix A Check List
St Margaret Ward Catholic Academy is committed to providing a secure environment for pupils, where they feel safe and are kept safe. All adults at St Margaret Ward Catholic Academy recognise that safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility, irrespective of the role they undertake and whether or not their role has direct contact or responsibility for children and young people.
Ideology - a set of beliefs.
Extremism - a vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs.
Radicalisation - the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism leading to terrorism.
Terrorism - an action that endangers or causes serious violence damage or disruption and is intended to influence the Government or to intimidate the public and is made with the intention of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause.
The Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation Safeguarding Policy draws upon the guidance contained in:-
In adhering to this policy and the procedures therein, staff and visitors will comply with our statutory duties to:-
St Margaret Ward Catholic Academy recognises the Governments concern that the UK continues to face a threat from terrorism. One security concern is the potential for British citizens and residents to become radicalised and commit acts of violence or terrorism.
Violent Extremism is defined by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) as:
"The demonstration of unacceptable behaviour by using any means or medium to express views, which:
Our school is a safe place where pupils can explore controversial issues safely and where our teachers encourage and facilitate this – we have a duty to ensure this happens. However there is no place for extremist views of any kind in our school, whether from internal sources - pupils, staff or governors; or external sources - school community, external agencies or individuals.
As a school we recognise that extremism and exposure to extremist materials and influences can lead to poor outcomes for children and so should be addressed as a safeguarding concern as set out in this policy. We also recognise that if we fail to challenge extremist views we are failing to protect our pupils.
Extremists of all persuasions aim to develop destructive relationships between different communities by promoting division, fear and mistrust of others based on ignorance or prejudice and thereby limiting the life chances of young people. Education is a powerful weapon against this; equipping young people with the knowledge, skills and critical thinking, to challenge and debate in an informed way.
Therefore, we will provide a broad and balanced curriculum, delivered by skilled professionals, so that our pupils are enriched, understand and accept difference and diversity and also to ensure that they thrive, feel valued and not marginalised.
Furthermore we are aware that young people can be exposed to extremist influences or prejudiced views from an early age, which emanate from a variety of sources, including the internet, and at times pupils may themselves reflect or display views that may be discriminatory, prejudiced or extremist, including using derogatory language.
Any prejudice, discrimination or extremist views, including derogatory language, displayed by pupils or staff will always be challenged and where appropriate dealt with in line with our Behaviour Policy and the Code of Conduct for staff.
Where misconduct by a teacher is proven, the matter will be referred to the National College for Teaching and Leadership for their consideration as to whether to a Prohibition Order is warranted.
As part of wider safeguarding responsibilities school staff will be alert to:-
Our school will closely follow any locally agreed procedure as set out by the Local Authority and the Local Safeguarding Children Board’s agreed processes and criteria for safeguarding individuals vulnerable to extremism and radicalisation.
We will all strive to eradicate the myths and assumptions that can lead to some young people becoming alienated and disempowered, especially where the narrow approaches children may experience elsewhere may make it harder for them to challenge or question these radical influences. In our school, this will be achieved by good teaching, primarily via PSHE; but also by adopting the methods outlined in the Government’s guidance ‘Teaching approaches that help build resilience to extremism among young people’ DfE 2011.
We will ensure that all of our teaching approaches help our pupils build resilience to extremism and give pupils a positive sense of identity through the development of critical thinking skills.
We will ensure that all of our staff are equipped to recognise extremism and are skilled and confident enough to challenge it.
We will be flexible enough to adapt our teaching approaches as appropriate, so as to address specific issues to become even more relevant to the current issues of extremism and radicalisation. In doing so we will apply the ‘key ingredients’ for success following the three broad categories of:-
Therefore this approach will be embedded within the ethos of our school so that pupils know and understand what safe and acceptable behaviour is in the context of extremism and radicalisation.
This will work in conjunction with our schools approach to the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of pupils as defined in OfSTED’s School Inspection Handbook and will include the sound use of assemblies to help further promote this rounded development of our pupils.
Our goal is to build mutual respect and understanding and to promote the use of dialogue not violence as a form of conflict resolution. We will achieve this by using a curriculum that includes:-
We will also work with local partners, families and communities in our efforts to ensure our school understands and embraces our local context and values in challenging extremist views, and to assist in the broadening of our pupil’s experiences and horizons.
We will help support pupils who may be vulnerable to such influences as part of our wider safeguarding responsibilities and where we believe a pupil is being directly affected by extremist materials or influences, we will ensure that that pupil is offered support through referral to Stoke-on-Trent Channel Panel – see section 13.
We will promote the values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths and beliefs. We will teach and encourage pupils to respect one another and to respect difference, especially those of different faith or no faith. It is indeed our most fundamental responsibility to keep our pupils safe and prepare them for life in modern multi-cultural Britain and globally.
We encourage the use of external agencies or speakers to enrich the experiences of our pupils. However, we will positively vet those external agencies, individuals or speakers who we engage to provide such learning opportunities or experiences for our pupils.
Such vetting is to ensure that we do not unwittingly use agencies that contradict each other with their messages or that are inconsistent with, or are in opposition to, the school’s values and ethos. We must be aware that in some instances, the work of external agencies may not directly be connected with the rest of the school curriculum so we need to ensure that this work is of benefit to pupils.
Our school will assess the suitability and effectiveness of input from external agencies or individuals to ensure that:-
We recognise, however, that the ethos of our school is to encourage pupils to understand opposing views and ideologies, appropriate to their age, understanding and abilities, and to be able to actively engage with them in informed debate, and we may use external agencies or speakers to facilitate and support this.
Therefore by delivering a broad and balanced curriculum, we will strive to ensure our pupils recognise risk and build resilience to manage any such risk themselves, where appropriate to their age and ability; but also to help pupils develop the critical thinking skills needed to engage in informed debate
Where there are concerns of extremism or radicalisation, pupils and staff are able to discuss this with the Designated Safeguarding Lead. If, for any reason they feel unable to do this, then they are able to make use of our internal systems to Whistle Blow or raise any issue in confidence. Please refer to School Whistle Blowing Policy.
Please refer to our Child Protection Policy for the full procedural framework on our Child Protection duties.
Staff will be alert to the fact that whilst Extremism and Radicalisation is broadly a safeguarding issue there may be some instances where a child or children may be at direct risk of harm or neglect.
For example; this could be due to a child displaying risky behaviours in terms of the activities they are involved in or the groups they are associated with; or staff may be aware of information about a child’s family that may equally place a child at risk of harm. (These examples are for illustration and are not definitive or exhaustive.) Therefore all adults working at the school (including visiting staff, volunteers’ contractors, and students on placement) are required to report instances where they believe a child may be at risk of harm or neglect to the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
The DSL Mrs R Pritchard Vice Principal
The Deputy DSL Mr N Brennan and Mrs A Holdcroft
The role of the DSL is set out in out Safeguarding and Child Protection Policy.
The DSL is the focus person who school staff, and others, may come to if they have concerns about an individual child’s safety or well-being, and they are the first point of contact for external agencies.
The DSL is also the person who leads on concerns regarding extremis or radicalisation. Where there are concerns regarding extremism and radicalisation, the DSL will liaise with Stoke-on-Trent Channel Coordinator and make referrals where appropriate – see section 13.
Whole school training on Safeguarding and Child Protection will be organised for staff and governors at least every three years. This training should be approved by the Local Safeguarding Children Board and will, in part, include training on extremism and radicalisation and its safeguarding implications.
The DSLs will attend training courses as necessary and the appropriate inter-agency training organised by the Local Safeguarding Children Board at least every two years. Again this will include training on extremism and radicalisation and its safeguarding implications.
For information regarding training on Challenging Extremism see SCB website -http://www.safeguardingchildren.stoke.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/professionals/training/ or contact email@example.com to arrange a whole school training session.
The arrangements for recruiting all staff, (permanent, temporary and volunteers;) to our school will follow statutory guidance in Keeping Children Safe in Education 2015.
We will apply safer recruitment best practice principles and sound employment practice in general, which include, but are not limited to, ensuring that DBS checks are made at the appropriate level, that references are always received and checked and that we complete and maintain a single central record of such vetting checks.
We will be alert to the possibility that persons may seek to gain positions within our school so as to unduly influence our schools character and ethos. We are aware that such persons seek to limit the opportunities for our pupils thereby rendering them vulnerable to extremist views and radicalisation as a consequence.
Therefore, by operating safer recruitment best practice and by ensuring an ongoing culture of vigilance within our school, we will minimise the opportunities for extremist views to prevail.
The Governing Body of our School will undertake appropriate training to ensure that they are clear about their role and the parameters of their responsibilities as Governors, including their statutory safeguarding duties.
The Governing Body of our school will support the ethos and values of our school and will support the school in tackling extremism and radicalisation.
In line with Recommendation 13 of Peter Clarke’s report details of our Governing Body will be published on our school website to promote transparency.
In line with the provisions set out in the DfE guidance ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education 2015’ the governing body will challenge the school’s senior management team on the delivery of this policy and monitor its effectiveness.
Governors will review this policy annually and may amend and adopt it outside of this timeframe in accordance with any new legislation or guidance or in response to any quality assurance recommendations pertaining to the delivery of this policy and the overall safeguarding arrangements made.
The Prevent Programme is Stoke-on-Trent’s response to the Government's national counter-terrorism strategy, which aims to stop people being drawn into or supporting terrorism. The national strategy focuses on three key areas which are:-
Stoke-on-Trent’s Prevent Programme is designed to:-
For further information about Stoke-On-Trent’s Prevent Program please contact Shahzad Tahir, Community Cohesion Manager, Stoke-On-Trent City Council on 01782 238771.
Stoke-on Trent has a multi-agency group – the Channel Panel, to provide support to people at risk of being radicalised, recognising that the radicalisation of vulnerable children and adults is a safeguarding issue. The Channel Panel is chaired by a senior Safeguarding Manager from Stoke-on-Trent City Council.
The objectives of the Channel Panel are to:-
It is important to trust your professional judgement - if you are concerned that someone is at risk of getting involved in extremism, you should discuss this with your DSL without delay.
The DSL will liaise with the Channel Co-ordinator at Staffordshire Police Prevent Team to discuss and make a referral if necessary.
When a referral is received, the Channel Co-ordinator will, in partnership with other safeguarding professionals, investigate further to assess the nature and extent of the risk and develop the most appropriate support package for the individual concerned.
Staffordshire Police Prevent Team can be contacted on:-
Tel: 01785 238239 or 01785 233109